Online ESL Classroom

Reference Words

We use reference words to refer back to someone or something that was already named.  Reference words are typically pronouns such as he, she, they, them, and it.  Other words commonly used as referents are one, ones, this, that, these and those.

When reading a passage, it is important to follow the referents and know what they refer back to.

Richard Carrigan

Richard Carrigan has been an educator for over 30 years. He has experience teaching professional and academic English. He earned his graduate degree from Shenandoah University.

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